Vaudeville acts in early 20th century United States often featured male pairs. The two people often come from different backgrounds or have different personalities, and they tend to misunderstand one another. Responses to feminism and society[ edit ] Richard Pryor left, pictured in and Gene Wilder right, pictured in Throughout the s and the s, the feminist movement and "a widespread questioning" of social institutions influenced buddy films. Action films and biracial pairings[ edit ] The s was a popular decade for action films ,  and the genre that "blended masculinity, heroism, and patriotism into an idealized image" was hybridized with buddy films. The "threats to [the] masculinity" of the male—male relationship depend on the genre: But this denial of sexuality carries a covert admission of the possibilities of homosexuality, which, of course, is inadmissible. By making both protagonists men, the central issue of the film becomes the growth and development of their friendship. Following the Civil Rights Movement , black advancement was also reflected in more common biracial pairings. New approaches to the genre[ edit ] In the early s, the masculine figure in films became more sensitive, and some buddy films "contemplated a masculinity that required sensitive relations between men". The cast may be mainly female depending on the plot. Buddy films often deal with crises of masculinity , especially related to class, race, and gender. Woo manages to deploy and politicize themes of homosociality with the possibility of contesting hegemonic masculinity that consolidates kinship and family.