In addition, up to three additional next most recent sexual partners within the past 5 years were also included. This paper outlines the variety of measures of sexuality and intimacy available in NSHAP, including sexual activities, sexual problems, attitudes toward sex and sexuality, satisfaction with sex, characteristics of the sexual partners and the quality of the partnership, and nonsexual intimacy. Hendrick and Hendrick b developed a more thorough approach at measuring and assessing sexual attitudes, where they comprehensively looked at various factors associated with sex. Test of a mediational model of childhood experiences, gender role attitudes, and behavior. First, the findings were cross-sectional, and therefore, we cannot know whether gendered attitudes preceded sexual behaviors or beliefs, or the reverse. Journal of Sex Research. A "strong" belief in God was associated with less risky sexual behavior e. Thus, more conventional beliefs about the male role may indicate acceptance of a power differential between men and women. Results showed that participants who were considered as most religious and claimed that their religious beliefs had guided their sexual behavior were more likely to hold conservative attitudes regarding premarital sex. Future Directions, Limitations and Conclusions This study had some limitations that indicate caution when interpreting the findings. For barriers to condom use, gender role attitudes and their interactions with biological sex were not significant Table 3 , Model 3, step 3. Psychology of Women Quarterly. Multivariate analysis of a social learning model. Sibling influences on gender development in middle childhood and early adolescence: Gender differences in AIDS-relevant condom attitudes and condom use. We develop a series of measures of each of these dimensions, provide descriptive statistics on each measure, evaluate their strength and weaknesses, and describe differences by age and gender.