This means that for elementary school students, the sex education they receive will be tailored to their age. It is meant to support abstinence and help develop skills to continue abstinence, help teens who have had sexual intercourse to abstain from further, and to provide teens with information on contraceptives and methods for preventing sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy. The three elements are interpreted differently by different actors and critics argue that often abstinence and faithfulness are unduly promoted over condoms and other measures such as education, female empowerment and making available modern antiviral drugs. Abstinence is emphasized for individuals who are young and unmarried, who hear messages about AIDS regularly; Be faithful is emphasized with married couples whose religious leader "polices" their sexual behavior; Condom use is a contested area with religious leaders due to the fact that religious openly denounce condom use, however some leaders have privately consulted individuals on condom use, resulting in many members doing so. This conclusion was validated and expanded to underscore the dangers of concurrent sexual partners by Helen Epstein, in The Invisible Cure . In Malawi, religious leaders influence and emphasize the use this strategy  However, in the United States, ideologies influence the use of ABC strategy. The program understood that it would not be possible to stop all teenagers from having sex, but still stressed that abstinence is the only guaranteed way of avoiding unwanted pregnancies and contraction of STDs. The program develops skills for practicing abstinence and encourages participants to adopt social norms that support abstinence. She then explains to him that it is good that he is doing it in private, that it feels good, and that someday she and he will have to talk about it and then leaves the room. By the way, they know full well that the condoms devoted to Africa are sub-standard. Components[ edit ] Abstinence, be faithful, use a Condom consists of three components: The Catholic Church has publicly stated its opposition to condom use. A group of teachers are in a workshop together. The ABC approach encourages young adults to delay "sexual debut" age of first sexual intercourse , or to use abstinence until marriage, the most effective way to avoid HIV infection, as advocated as the ideal by Christianity. A man sits with a mentally disabled young man and explains to him about how penises become erect using several drawings. For example, conservatism had previously taught young women that sex was about danger, not pleasure, focusing on an abstinence-only education program, reinforcing the foundational conservative ideas of fear, and that society is fragile and human nature is inherently bad.