These include intentions to talk about sex, to monitor and stay involved, and to understand environmental barriers and facilitators that influence talking about sexuality eg, community norms that discourage or encourage such communication. The purpose of having peer health educators is so that conversations with high school students, regarding health, are more honest and real. Additionally, educators develop a new understanding of the material they are teaching, because they often create their own explanations, which is found to have the largest academic gains. Children and adolescents should be shown how to develop a safe and positive view of sexuality through age-appropriate education about their sexual health. Adolescents who begin having sexual intercourse need to understand the importance of using an effective contraceptive every time they have sex. The majority of parents also felt that school-based sex education should begin in middle school, or earlier. LGBT community members cannot always utilize programs or recommendations from abstinence-only programs as they are not geared toward transgender and homosexual relationships. For example, by recognizing that masturbation is typical toddler behavior, parents can better understand and discuss self-stimulatory behaviors of their teenager. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: A series of resources that relate to sex education and a database of those sex education programs and interventions that work as well as online curricula that can be used with various audiences, including teens, college students, and others. I will respect my gift of sexuality by keeping my mind and thoughts pure as I prepare for my true love. It was seen to reduce smoking, marijuana, and alcohol usage. A wide spectrum of topics is covered in these programs, which include abstinence, contraception, relationships, sexuality and the prevention of disease Siecus. Criticism of abstinence-only sex education by the scientific and medical communities[ edit ] Abstinence-only education has been criticized in official statements by the American Psychological Association,  the American Medical Association,  the National Association of School Psychologists,  the Society for Adolescent Medicine,  the American College Health Association,  the American Academy of Pediatrics,  and the American Public Health Association ,  which all maintain that sex education needs to be comprehensive to be effective. Teachers should be actively engaged by supporting peer educators. Abstinence-only sex education Abstinence-only sex education, also referred to as "abstinence only until marriage"  A. Discussion about potential negative consequences, such as experiencing guilt or feeling used by one's partner, may lead some adolescents to delay the onset of sexual behavior until they feel more sure of the strength of their relationship with a partner and more comfortable with the idea of becoming sexually active.